Projects & Publications


Papers and PowerPoint Presentations

Myles, P.B. 2015. Ocean Governance and the Blue Economy: What does this mean for Coastal and Marine Tourism? Marine Tourism & Coastal Management Conference, Cape Town, 18th and 19th February, 2015.

Myles, P.B, 2015. A Case for the Development of a Western Indian Ocean Regional Ocean Business Council, 3rd World Ocean Council Sustainable Ocean Summit 2015, Singapore, 9th – 12th November 2015

Myles, P.B. 2015. The Role of the Ocean Business Community, Eastern Cape Maritime Summit, Port Elizabeth, 13th November 2015

Myles, P.B. 2016. Integrating Coastal Management Plans into a Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) framework, Marine Coastal Management Conference, South Africa, 24th – 25th February 2016

Myles, P.B. 2016. The Role Technology Plays in the Development of Tourism, Eastern Cape ICT Summit, 28th September 2016

Myles, P.B. 2016. Marine Spatial Planning in Tourism, Training Program in Ocean Governance for Africa, IOI-SA, Kirstenbosch Gardens, Cape Town, 4th October 2016

Myles, P.B. 2016. The Symbiotic Relationship between Tourism Clusters and the Quadruple Helix System, Botho University International Research Conference 2016 (BUIRC 2016), Gaborone, Botswana, 12-13 November, 2016.

Myles, P.B. 2016. Maritime Clusters: An Integrated Approach to Managing Ocean Space, World Ocean Council Sustainable Ocean Summit 2016, Rotterdam, 29/11 – 2/12/2016.

Myles, P.B. 2017. The Symbiotic Relationship between Maritime Clusters and Quadruple Helix System, Proceedings, 9th International Coastal & Marine Tourism Congress, Gothenburg, West Sweden, 13th – 16th June, 2017

Myles, P.B. 2017. Operation Phakisa unlocking the Coastal & Marine Tourism potential in South Africa, Proceedings, 9th International Coastal & Marine Tourism Congress, Gothenburg, West Sweden, 13th – 16th June, 2017

Myles, P.B. 2017. Corporate Responsibility in Reducing Ocean Plastic Waste, Proceedings, 1st African Marine Waste Conference, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, 9th – 13th July, 2017

Papers Published in Accredited Journals

Myles, P.B. (2001). Contribution of Wilderness to Survival of the Adventure Travel and Ecotourism Markets, Seventh World Wilderness Congress Symposium, 2nd – 8th November 2001, Science and stewardship to protect and sustain wilderness values; Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Proc.RMRS-P-27. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station

Miller, M.L., Myles, P.B., et al. 2011. A Field Engages: Papers from the 6th International Coastal & Marine Tourism Congress, 23rd – 26th June 2009, Port Elizabeth, South Africa, Special Issue: Tourism in Marine Environments, 26 May 2011, Vol.7, No 3/4, ISSN 1544-273X

Myles, P.B. (2012). Towards developing ‘desert tourism’ in the Karoo, South Africa, Africanus 41(3) 2011 pp 119 – 129, Unisa Press ISSN: 0304-615x

Myles, P.B. 2014: Coastal Route Tourism: A Vehicle for Collaborative Economic Development in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, Tourism in Marine Environments, Vol.9. No. 3 – 4, pp. 169 – 179, E-ISSN 2169 – 0197

Myles, P.B. 2014: Recreation Opportunities Management, Chapter 23, IUCN Protected Area Governance and Management Book, Edition 5:14 November 2013

Myles, P.B. 2018. “Towards a Governance Model for a Biosphere Mega Reserve in South Africa”, International Journal of Research in Tourism and Hospitality (IJRTH), Vol. 4, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-17. doi:

Myles, P.B. 2018. Responsible Ocean Governance Key to the Implementation of SDG 14, Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, Springer Nature, Switzerland.

Myles, P.B. 2018. Africa needs a network of more effective maritime clusters to foster growth and development, Maritime Review Africa, May/June, 2018.


Myles, P.B. 2018. Keynote Presentation, Responsible and Sustainable Ecologically Sensitive Development, China-Africa Seminar on the Development and Education of Ecological Sciences, Center for African Studies, Yunnan University, Kunming, China

 Myles, P.B. 2018. Maritime Clusters and the Ocean Economy: An Integrated Approach to Managing Coastal and Marine Space, 7th Biennial International Tourism Studies Association Conference, CSIR ICC, Pretoria, South Africa, 6th – 9th August, 2018

 Myles, P.B. 2018. Referring to Maritime Clusters as think tanks for uplifting ocean economies and the Bulungula Case Study, Ocean Economies Southern Africa Conference, 21st – 22nd August, 2018, Durban Country Club, South Africa

 Myles, P.B. 2018. Maritime Clusters and the Ocean Economy: An Integrated Approach to Managing Coastal and Marine Space, ITSA 2018 Conference Proceedings, 6th-10th August, CSIR ICC, Pretoria.


IUCN World Heritage Site Nominations

Desktop Reviews: International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

Myles, P.B., IUCN Desktop Review of the Rock Islands Southern Lagoon, Koror State, Republic of Palau, nomination for listing as a World Heritage Site (WHS), 2011.

Myles, P.B., IUCN Desktop Review of the Namib Sand Sea nomination for listing as a World Heritage Site (WHS), Namibia, August 2012

Myles, P.B., IUCN Desktop Review of the Sehlabathebe National Park nomination for listing as an extension to the uKhahlamba Drakensberg World Heritage Site, Lesotho, August 2012

Myles, P.B., IUCN Desktop Review of the Okavango Delta nomination for listing as a natural World Heritage Site, Botswana, July 2013

Myles, P.B., IUCN Desktop Review of the Extension of the Cape Floral Region Protected Areas (CFRPA): World Heritage Site of South Africa nomination for listing as a natural World Heritage Site, August 2014


2012: Tourism Development Management Plan for the Greater Addo Elephant National Park MPA Eastern Cape

2012: Tourism Development Plan for the Baviaans Mega Reserve Eastern Cape

2012: Richards Bay Wind Farm Socio Economic Impact Assessment

2013: Pre-Feasibility Study Karoo Gateway Airport

2013: Research Study on the impact of the Property Tax on B&B’s in Nelson Mandela Bay

2013: Tourism Potential Assessment Pondoland Botanical Garden

2013: Eastern Cape Tourism Skills Audit

2013: Identification of Tourist, Recreational and Leisure Sites in the Central District of Botswana

2013: Socio-Economic Baseline Study for the Kavango Zambezi Trans Frontier Conservation Area

2013 Uganda Inclusive Tourism Program for World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

2015: Institutional Capacity Building Uganda Tourism Board and Tourism Business Associations for UNWTO

2015 Research study on Shopping Tourism Eastern Cape

2016: Thune Dam Tourism Master Plan Botswana

2016: Development of self-drive routes Dinokeng Game Reserve

2016: Coastal Tourism Strategy for the Eastern Cape Province

2016: Feasibility Study for establishing a Tourism Centre of Excellence Eastern Cape

2016: Tourism Cluster Development in the northern regions of Botswana

2017: OR Tambo District Tourism Master Plan Eastern Cape

2017: Feasibility Studies Community Based LED Projects Northern Cape Province

2018: Tourism Specialist: NWP Socio-Economic Impact of Tourism. Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism and Eco Africa. North West Province.

2018: Tourism Specialist: Identifying the Role of Local Government in the Development and Management of Marine Resources. Urban Econ and LGSETA. South Africa.

2018: Coastal & Marine Tourism Specialist: African Blue Economy, Fish Trade and Leadership Symposium, for 30 selected postgraduate Award Fellows. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Government of Australia, and University of Wollongong. Mauritius.

2018: Steering Committee Member: Indi-Atlantic Coastal Route extending from Mozambique to Namibia. National Department of Tourism. South Africa.

Maritime Clusters and the Ocean Economy:

An Integrated Approach to Managing Coastal and Marine Space

By Peter B. Myles

Over the last decade the concept of clustering has become a central idea for analyzing the competitiveness of nations, industries and firms. This book shows how the cluster concept can be usefully applied to the study of maritime activities. Such activities, including shipping, shipbuilding and port and maritime services, are clearly geographically concentrated in a number of maritime clusters. However, as the author shows, these are having to compete with other uses of the coasts and oceans including capture fisheries, marine aquaculture, offshore energy and tourism. Sound governance and planning is therefore required to manage the competing claims for ocean space. The book shows how competing industries and other stakeholders can cooperate and benefit from an integrated approach to the development of maritime clusters. The contribution of approaches such as integrated coastal zone management and innovations such as ocean business councils, as well as coordinated networks of maritime clusters are reviewed. Case studies are included from around the world, including detailed examples of the development of the Nelson Mandela Bay Maritime Cluster in South Africa and from Poland in the Baltic Sea.

Table of Contents

1. Collaborative Economic Development 2. The Growing Multi-Use Ocean 3. Management Strategies within a MSP Framework 4. Managing Conflicts of Interest 5. Marine and Coastal Aquaculture 6. Marine Renewable Energy in the Context of Sustainable Oceans 7. Integrated Coastal Zone Management 8. Small Island Developing States (SIDS) 9. Ocean Governance and the Blue Economy 10. The Ocean Business Community 11. Organized Ocean Business 12. Tourism in Coastal Areas 13. Maritime Clusters Cooperating to Compete 14. Constructing a Local Maritime Cluster 15. Maritime Cluster Networks 16. Clusters and Stewardship

About the Series

Earthscan Oceans This series includes a wide range of inter-disciplinary approaches to oceans and the marine environment, integrating perspectives from both social and natural sciences. It includes research monographs, textbooks and titles aimed at professionals, NGOs and policy-makers. Authors or editors of potential new titles should contact Tim Hardwick, Senior Commissioning Editor (